Welcome to Guam.
The island of Guam is located West of Hawaii, South of Japan, and approximately 1,500 miles East of the Philippines. Guam is a territory of the United States and its residents are US citizens. The island is about 36 miles long, 6-12 miles wide and in many ways Guam is an all American community. But its multi-cultural ethnic mix offers a microcosm of the world. Guam's own rich Chamorro culture and heritage draws visitors from Japan, other Asian countries and Europe.
Naval Base Guam consists of five installations around the island, with the main base,
'Big Navy', on Orote Peninsula on the central west coast.
Guam is the Southernmost and largest island of the Marianas Island Archipelago in the Pacific. With Magellan's landing on Guam in 1521 Spain's reign began which lasted almost 4 centuries. In 1898 America claimed the island from Spain as part of the prizes in the Spanish-American War. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.
The economy of Guam depends on tourism, US military spending, and the export of fish and handicrafts. Other Micronesian countries: Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau.